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Research-based design of pedagogical agent roles: A review, progress, and recommendations

Journal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Kim, Y. & Baylor, A. L. (2015). Research-based design of pedagogical agent roles: A review, progress, and recommendations International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education. DOI 10.1007/s40593-015-0055-y.
Publication year: 2015

The design of motivational agents and avatars

Journal articleTechnology design / integrationVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. (2011). The design of motivational agents and avatars. Educational Technology Research & Development, 59 (2), 291-300.
Publication year: 2011

The influence of computer-based model’s race and gender on female students’ attitudes and beliefs towards engineering

Engineering educationJournal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Rosenberg-Kima, R., Plant, E. A., Doerr, C. & Baylor A. L. (2010). The influence of computer-based model’s race and gender on female students’ attitudes and beliefs towards engineering. Journal of Engineering Education, 99 , 35-44.
Publication year: 2010

Promoting motivation with virtual agents and avatars: role of visual presence and appearance

Journal articleProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. (2009). Promoting motivation with virtual agents and avatars: role of visual presence and appearance. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B , 364, 3559-3565.
Publication year: 2009

Designing nonverbal communication for pedagogical agents: When less is more

Journal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. & Kim, S. (2009) Designing nonverbal communication for pedagogical agents: When less is more. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 450-457.
Publication year: 2009

Changing Middle-School Students' Attitudes and Performance Regarding Engineering with Computer-based Social Models

Engineering educationJournal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Plant, E. A., Baylor A. L., Doerr, C., & Rosenberg-Kima, R. (2009). Changing Middle-School Students' Attitudes and Performance Regarding Engineering with Computer-based Social Models. Computers and Education, 53 (2), 209-215.
Publication year: 2009

A Virtual Change Agent: Motivating Pre-service Teachers to Integrate Technology in Their Future Classrooms

Journal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Kim, C. & Baylor, A.L. (2008). A Virtual Change Agent: Motivating Pre-service Teachers to Integrate Technology in Their Future Classrooms. Educational Technology & Society , 12(2), 309-321.
Publication year: 2008

Interface Agents as Social Models for Female Students: The Effects of Agent Visual Presence and Appearance on Women's Attitudes and Beliefs

Engineering educationJournal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Rosenberg-Kima, R., Baylor A. L., Plant, E. A., & Doerr, C. (2008). Interface Agents as Social Models for Female Students: The Effects of Agent Visual Presence and Appearance on Women's Attitudes and Beliefs. Computers in Human Behavior , 24(6), 2741-2756.
Publication year: 2008

Pedagogical agents as learning companions: The impact of agent affect and gender

Journal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Kim, Y., Baylor, A. L. & Shen, E. (2007). Pedagogical agents as learning companions: The impact of agent affect and gender. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning (JCAL), 23(3), 220-532.
Publication year: 2007

Interface agents to alleviate online frustration

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L., & Rosenberg-Kima, R. B. (2006). Interface agents to alleviate online frustration. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Learning sciences, (pp.30-36), Bloomington, Indiana: ISLS.
Publication year: 2006

Interface Agents as Social Models: The Impact of Appearance on Females’ Attitude Toward Engineering

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L., Rosenberg-Kima, R. B., & Plant, E. A. (2006). Interface Agents as Social Models: The Impact of Appearance on Females’ Attitude Toward Engineering. Proceedings of International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2006), Montreal, Canada. (pp. 526- 531), ACM Press.
Publication year: 2006

Pedagogical agents as learning companions: The role of agent competency and type of interaction

Journal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Kim, Y. & Baylor, A. L. (2006). Pedagogical agents as learning companions: The role of agent competency and type of interaction. Educational Technology Research & Development , 54(3), 223-243.
Publication year: 2006

A social-cognitive framework for pedagogical agents as learning companions

Journal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Kim, Y., & Baylor, A. L. (2006). A social-cognitive framework for pedagogical agents as learning companions. Educational Technology Research & Development , 54(6), 569-590.
Publication year: 2006

The Impact of Pedagogical Agent Image on Affective Outcomes

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. (2005). The Impact of Pedagogical Agent Image on Affective Outcomes. Proceedings of Workshop “Affective Interactions: The Computer in the Affective Loop” at the 10th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, San Diego, California. (pp. 1-6), ACM Press.
Publication year: 2005

Adult Learner Perceptions of Affective Agents: Experimental data and phenomenological observations

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Warren, D., Shen E., Park, S., Baylor, A. L. & Perez, R. (2005). Adult Learner Perceptions of Affective Agents: Experimental data and phenomenological observations. In C-K. Looi, G. McCalla, B. Bredeweg & J. Breuker (Eds.), Artificial intelligence in education: Supporting learning through intelligent and socially informed technology (Vol. 125, pp. 944-946), IOS Press.
Publication year: 2005

The impact of frustration-mitigating messages delivered by an interface agent

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L., Warren, D., Park, S., Shen E., & Perez, R. (2005) The impact of frustration-mitigating messages delivered by an interface agent. In C-K. Looi, G. McCalla, B. Bredeweg & J. Breuker (Eds.), Artificial intelligence in education: Supporting learning through intelligent and socially informed technology (Vol. 125, pp. 73-79), IOS Press.
Publication year: 2005

Pedagogical agents as social models for engineering: The influence of appearance on female choice

Engineering educationProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L., & Plant, E. A. (2005). Pedagogical agents as social models for engineering: The influence of appearance on female choice. In C-K. Looi, G. McCalla, B. Bredeweg & J. Breuker (Eds.), Artificial intelligence in education: Supporting learning through intelligent and socially informed technology (Vol. 125, pp. 65-72), IOS Press.
Publication year: 2005

The Psychometric Structure of Pedagogical Agent Persona

Journal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Ryu, J. & Baylor, A. L. (2005). The Psychometric Structure of Pedagogical Agent Persona. Technology, Instruction, Cognition & Learning (TICL), 2(4), 291-315.
Publication year: 2005

Simulating instructional roles through pedagogical agents

Journal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. & Kim, Y. (2005). Simulating instructional roles through pedagogical agents. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education , 15(1), 95-115.
Publication year: 2005

Supporting learners with math anxiety: The impact of pedagogical agent emotional and motivational support

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L., Shen, E. & Warren, D. (2004). Supporting learners with math anxiety: The impact of pedagogical agent emotional and motivational support. Proceedings of Workshop on Social and Emotional Intelligence in Learning Environments at the International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS), Maceio, Brazil. (pp. 6-12), Springer.
Publication year: 2004

Pedagogical Agent Design: The Impact of Agent Realism, Gender, Ethnicity, and Instructional Role

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. & Kim, Y. (2004). Pedagogical Agent Design: The Impact of Agent Realism, Gender, Ethnicity, and Instructional Role. In (Eds. J. Lester, et al) Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Volume 3220, (pp. 592-603) Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.
Publication year: 2004

Designing pedagogical agents to address diversity in learning

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. (2004). Designing pedagogical agents to address diversity in learning. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Learning sciences, Los Angeles, California. (pp. 586-587), ISLS.
Publication year: 2004

The Impact of Image and Voice with Pedagogical Agents

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Kim, Y., Baylor, A. L. & Reed, G. (2003). The Impact of Image and Voice with Pedagogical Agents. In G. Richards (Ed.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2003, Phoenix, Arizona, (pp. 2237-2240), Chesapeake, VA: AACE.
Publication year: 2003

The Role of Gender and Ethnicity in Pedagogical Agent Perception

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L., & Kim, Y. (2003). The Role of Gender and Ethnicity in Pedagogical Agent Perception. In G. Richards (Ed.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2003, Phoenix, Arizona. (pp. 1503-1506), Chesapeake, VA: AACE.
Publication year: 2003

Which Pedagogical Agent do Learners Choose? The Effects of Gender and Ethnicity

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L., Shen, E., & Huang, X. (2003). Which Pedagogical Agent do Learners Choose? The Effects of Gender and Ethnicity. In G. Richards (Ed.), Proceedings of World Conference on ELearning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2003, Phoenix, Arizona, (pp. 1507-1510), Chesapeake, VA: AACE.
Publication year: 2003

The pedagogical agent split-persona effect: When two agents are better than one

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. & Ebbers, S. (2003). The pedagogical agent split-persona effect: When two agents are better than one. Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications, Honolulu, Hawaii, (pp. 459-462). Norfolk, VA: AACE.
Publication year: 2003

Constructing agents for self-learning: Animated agents as expressive vehicles

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Gussak, D. & Baylor, A. L. (2003). Constructing agents for self-learning: Animated agents as expressive vehicles. Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications, Honolulu, Hawaii, (pp. 477-478). Norfolk, VA: AACE.
Publication year: 2003

Evidence that multiple agents facilitate greater learning

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. & Ebbers, S. (2003). Evidence that multiple agents facilitate greater learning. In U. Hoppe, M.F. Verdejo, J. Kay (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence in Education: Shaping the Future of Learning Through Intelligent Technologies (pp.377-379): IOS Press.
Publication year: 2003

The split-persona effect with pedagogical agents

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. (2003). The split-persona effect with pedagogical agents. Proceedings of Workshop “Embodied Conversational Characters as Individuals” at the Autonomous Agents & Multi-Agent Systems (AAMAS), Melbourne, Australia.
Publication year: 2003

The effects of image and animation in enhancing pedagogical agent persona

Journal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. & Ryu, J. (2003). The effects of image and animation in enhancing pedagogical agent persona. Journal of Educational Computing Research , 28(4), 373-395.
Publication year: 2003

Pedagogical agents as scaffolds: The role of feedback timing, number of agents, and adaptive feedback

ProceedingsVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. & Chang, S. (2002). Pedagogical agents as scaffolds: The role of feedback timing, number of agents, and adaptive feedback. Proceedings of 5th International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Seattle, WA, ISLS.
Publication year: 2002

Agent-based learning environments for investigating teaching and learning

Journal articleVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. (2002). Agent-based learning environments for investigating teaching and learning. Journal of Educational Computing Research , 26(3), 249-270.
Publication year: 2002

Expanding pre-service teachers’ metacognitive awareness of instructional planning through pedagogical agents

Journal articleMetacognitionVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. (2002). Expanding pre-service teachers’ metacognitive awareness of instructional planning through pedagogical agents. Educational Technology Research & Development , 50(2), 5-22.
Publication year: 2002

Permutations of control: Cognitive considerations for agent-based learning environments

Journal articleTechnology design / integrationVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. (2001). Permutations of control: Cognitive considerations for agent-based learning environments. Journal of Interactive Learning Research , 12(4), 403-425.
Publication year: 2001

Beyond butlers: Intelligent agents as mentors

Journal articleTechnology design / integrationVirtual agents/avatars
Baylor, A. L. (2000). Beyond butlers: Intelligent agents as mentors. Journal of Educational Computing Research , 22(4), 373-382.
Publication year: 2000